Although it’s easy to think of the National Park as mountainous and rocky, it has around 36,400 hectares of woodland, which is 17% of its total area.
These forests are rich in broadleaf, conifer and mixed trees and are teeming with wildlife, rare creatures, plants and fungi of all kinds.
Many native trees and plants can be found in the forests of Snowdonia, including oak, ash, beech, sycamore, birch, cherry, hazel, alder, rowan, hawthorn and holly.
Some of our native trees have suffered from diseases such as Dutch Elm Disease. One of the most severe diseases at present is Ash Dieback Disease. According to the Woodland Trust, this disease could destroy up to 80% of British trees
Snowdonia's Woodland Wildlife
There are over 15,000 species of fungi in the United Kingdom, many of which can be found in Snowdonia's forests and woodlands.
This plant can create a bright purple carpet on the forest floor when blossoming. Welsh names for the flower include 'Clychau’r Gog', 'Bwtias y Gog' and 'Clychau'r Eos'.
The owl's remarkable ability to spot and hear small movements from afar makes it one of the best hunters in our habitats.
Lichen grows on trees and rocks and is an organism from the same family as fungi and algae. Many kinds of lichen species can be found in the ancient forests of Snowdonia.
Although moss is a well-known plant, the number of moss species growing in Snowdonia's forests is astonishing. They play an important role in flood prevention.
Hearing the cuckoo's call can be a magical experience that signals the start of spring. However, the cuckoo is also known for its cunning nature and deceptive tactics.
The knocking noise made by woodpeckers is characteristic of this fantastic bird. Their slender beak chisels under the bark of trees for access to all kinds of insects.
Common frogs vary in colour from green to brown, or even red or yellow. They can be found around ponds in the spring and hide under dead trees in winter.
There are many types of newts living in the woodlands of Snowdonia. They breed in ponds during the spring and spend most of the rest of the year feeding on invertebrates in forests.
One of the most common mammals in the forest. They eat seeds, fruits and nuts in the autumn and catch invertebrates such as worms, caterpillars and centipedes.
The badger is Britain's largest land predator. Its black and white patterned fur makes it one of the forest's most distinguishable animals.
LIFE Celtic Rainforests Project
Wales has its own unique rainforests known as Celtic Rainforests. Thanks to significant funding from the EU LIFE program and the Welsh Government, the National Park Authority is leading a £7 million project to protect the future of these majestic oakwoods.
The forests of Snowdonia play a big part in tackling some of the biggest challenges facing the National Park. They even play a significant role in the culture and mythology of the area.
A valuable asset
Forests are a valuable natural asset. They protect from flooding, improve our air quality and provide shelter for animals.
Stories, folklore and mythology
Our beautiful, natural woodlands are some of the greatest treasures of rural Wales. They are a backdrop to many of Snowdonia's stories, folklore and mythology.
High environmental standard
The National Park Authority owns several woodlands, which are managed to the highest possible environmental standard.
Protecting deciduous woodlands
The National Park Authority protects, enhances and extends native deciduous woodlands and their biodiversity by providing advice, assistance and grants.
Although coniferous woodlands are of lower ecological value, they still play an important role in biodiversity, such as at Coed y Brenin and Coed Gwydir.
A habitat for rare plants and species
Snowdonia's woodlands are important habitats for rare plants and species such as fungi and mosses.
Invasive species such as Rhododendron ponticum pose a significant threat to Snowdonia National Park's forests and woodlands. Snowdonia National Park Authority is working to protect the National Park's woodlands from these species.